Sunbeam Rapier


Rapier Series III
Rapier Series III

The Sunbeam Rapier, the first variant of Rootes' "Audax" range to be released, was introduced in 1955. It was a smart 2 door styled by the Raymond Loewy studios. Four door Audax variants appeared in 1956 as the Hillman Minx and Singer Gazelle.

Rapier shells were made by Pressed Steel in Cowley. The shell was then shipped to Thrupp & Maberly in Cricklewood for painting and trimming. From there the shell was moved to the Rootes plant at Ryton for final assembly.

The Series I Rapier featured the 1390cc overhead valve Rootes engine first seen in the 1954 Minx. It featured independent front suspension via coil springs and wishbones, with a live rear axle via leaf springs. Initially a single downdraft Stromberg carburettor was used, changing to twin downdraft Zeniths part way through production. 7,477 Series I models were built.

For 1958, the Rapier was restyled with bigger tail fins and a traditional Talbot grille. The Series II's engine was bored out to 1494cc. A convertible model was introduced. Series II Production ran to 15,151 cars.

1959 saw the introduction of the Series III Rapier. The Series III received front disc brakes in place of the all drum system on the Series I and II. The interior featured a new wooden dashboard. 15,368 examples were built.

The engine was increased in size to 1592cc for the 1961 Series IIIA of which 17,354 were made.

Cosmetically, the 1963 Series IV introduced a new grille and front sheetmetal. The convertible was dropped from the range. The road wheels were reduced in size from 15 inches to 13 inches. Production totalled 9,700 units.

The final iteration of the Rapier appeared in 1965. It featured the new 1725cc five bearing version of the old engine. 3,759 were built before production ended in 1967.

The Rapier had an illustrious career in competition. It finished first and second in the 1600cc special touring class in it's competition debut in the 1956 Mille Miglia. In 1958 Peter Harper won the RAC Rally in a Rapier. Some other significant results include:

1958 Monte Carlo: Fifth overall
1958 Alpine Rally: First five places in class, Coupe des Alpes and sixth overall.
1959 Monte Carlo Rally: Fifth overall.
1959 Alpine Rally: Third overall, first in class.
1959 Liege-Rome-Liege: First in class.
1960 Monte Carlo Rally: Fourth overall, first in class.
1960 Acropolis Rally: Third overall, first in class.
1961 Monte Carlo: First in class, fastest lap Monaco circuit.
1961 East African Safari: First in class.
1961 Circuit of Ireland: First overall.
1961 Alpine Rally: Third overall, first overall (Touring), first in class.
1962 Monte Carlo: Third overall, first in class.
1962 Circuit of Ireland: First overall
......and the list goes on.

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